# Algebra

**Algebra**(from the Arabic "

*al-jabr*" meaning

*"reunion"*,

*"connection"*or

*"completion"*) is a branch of mathematics which may be defined as a generalization and extension of arithmetic. The process of "balancing and restoration" is important in algebra. It is the process of equaling both sides of any given equation. Basically, "whatever you do to one side of the equation, you do to the other". Also in Algebra: the distributive law which is used to properly factor out and solve equations. The field may be roughly divided in

- elementary algebra, where the properties of operations on the real number system are recorded, symbols are used as "place holders" to denote constants and variables, and the rules governing mathematical expressions and equations involving these symbols are studied,
- abstract algebra, where algebraic structures such as groups, rings and as fieldss are axiomatically defined and investigated.
- The specific properties of vector spaces are studied in linear algebra.
- universal algebra, where those properties common to all algebraic structures are studied.
- computer algebra, where algorithms for the symbolic manipulation of mathematical objects are collected

*algebra*is also used for various algebraic structures:

## See also

- Diophantus, "father of Algebra"
- Mohammed al-Khwarizmi

## External links