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The Republic of Adygeya (Russian: Респу́блика Адыге́я; Adygeyan: Адыгэ Республик) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). The republic's name is also transliterated into English as Adygea or Adyghea.

(In detail) (In detail)
Small overview map of the federal subject
Capital Maykop
- total
- % water
Ranked 86th
- 7,600 km²
- No data
- Total
- Density
Ranked 74th
- 447,109 (2002)
- 58.8/km²
Political status Republic
Federal district Southern
Economic Region North Caucasus
Cadaster No. 01
Official languages Russian, Adygeyan
President Hazret Medzhidovich Sovmen
Prime Minister Hazret Yunusovich Huade
National anthem Hymn of the Adygeya
Time zone UTC +0400

Table of contents
1 Geography
2 Administrative division
3 Demographics
4 History
5 Politics
6 Economy
7 Culture
8 Education
9 Religion
10 Tourism
11 Miscellaneous
12 Related articles
13 External links


Adygeya is situated on the foothills of the Caucasus Mountains, with plains in the north, and mountains in the south. Forests cover almost 40% of the territory of the republic.


Kuban River (870 km) is one of the major rivers in the Caucasus region, and it is navigable. Other rivers include:


There are no large lakes in the republic. There are several reservoirs, that include:


The republic's major mountains range in height from 2,000 to 3,238 m and include:

Natural Resources

The republic is rich in
oil and natural gas. Other natural resources include gold, silver, tungsten, iron and more.


Administrative division

''Main article: Administrative division of Adygeya


Of the republics 447,109 inhabitants, 66% are
Russians, while Adyghe (or Adygeans) constitute only 23%.


Adygeya was established as an autonomous oblast within Russia on August 24, 1922. At that time, Krasnodar was the administrative center. On August 13, 1928, Autonomous Oblast of Adygeya was transferred under the jurisdiction of Krasnodar Krai.

Maykop became the administrative center in 1936 when the borders of the oblast were changed. On July 3, 1991, the oblast was elevated to the status of a republic under the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation.

The first president of Adygeya was Aslan Aliyevich Dzharimov, elected in January of 1992.


The head of government in Adygeya is the President. Currently, the president is Hazret Medzhidovich Sovmen, who was elected on January 13, 2002. There is also a directly elected National Assembly. The republic sends three representatives to the parliament of the Russian Federation; one to the Duma and the other two to the Council of the Federation.


Even though it is now one of the poorest parts of Russia, the republic has abundant forests and rich soil. The region is famous for producing grain, sunflowers, tea, tobacco, and other produce. Hog- and sheep-breeding are also developed.

Food, timber, woodworking, pulp and paper, heavy engineering, and metal-working industries are the most developed ones.


There is a small airport in Maykop, and several rail lines pass through the republic.


There are 8 state and 23 public museums in the republic. The largest museum is the National Museum of the Republic of Adygeya, located in Maykop.


Adyghe State University and Maykop State Technological Institute are the two higher education institutions in Adygeya.

External links

Federal Subjects of Russia
Republics of Russia
Adygeya | Altai | Bashkortostan | Buryatia | Chechnya | Chuvashia | Dagestan | Ingushetia | Kabardino-Balkaria | Karelia | Khakassia | Komi | Kalmykia | Karachay-Cherkessia | Mariy El | Mordovia | North Ossetia-Alania | Sakha | Tatarstan | Tuva | Udmurtia
Krais of Russia
Altai | Khabarovsk | Krasnodar | Krasnoyarsk | Primorsky | Stavropol
Oblasts of Russia
Amur | Arkhangelsk | Astrakhan | Belgorod | Bryansk | Chelyabinsk | Chita | Irkutsk | Ivanovo | Kaliningrad | Kaluga | Kamchatka | Kemerovo | Kirov | Kostroma | Kurgan | Kursk | Leningrad | Lipetsk | Magadan | Moscow | Murmansk | Nizhny Novgorod | Novgorod | Novosibirsk | Omsk | Orenburg | Oryol | Penza | Perm | Pskov | Rostov | Ryazan | Sakhalin | Samara | Saratov | Smolensk | Sverdlovsk | Tambov | Tomsk | Tver | Tula | Tyumen | Ulyanovsk | Vladimir | Volgograd | Vologda | Voronezh | Yaroslavl
Federal cities of Russia
Moscow | St. Petersburg
Autonomous Oblasts of Russia
Autonomous Districts of Russia
Aga Buryatia | Chukotka | Evenkia | Khantia-Mansia | Koryakia | Nenetsia | Permyakia | Taymyria | Ust-Orda Buryatia | Yamalia