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2S1 122mm
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2S1 122mm

2S1 Gvozdika
Country Of Origin:USSR
Designation:Self-Propelled Howitzer
Configuration:Track
Manufacturer:
Crew:4
Length: 7.26 m
Width: 2.85 m
Height: 2.73 m
Weight: 16 t
Ground Clearance: 400mm
Obstacle: 700mm
Trench: 2,75m
Fording: Amphibious
Speed: 60 km/h (road)
30 km/h (off-road)
Swim: 4,5km/h
Range: 500 km
Primary armament:122mm 2A31 cannon based on the D30
Secondary armament:
Armour: 20mm
Power plant: YaMZ-238N 300hp (220 kW) Diesel
NBC:Yes
Night:Infa-red

The 122mm self-propelled Howitzer 2S1 is an Russian 122 mm that resembles the PT-76 but it is essentially a version of the MT-LB IFV. The correct Russian designation is SAU-122 but in the Russian Army it is commonly known as Gvozdika translated as Carnation. The 2S1 is fully amphibious with very little preparation ance afloat is propelled by its tracks.

Table of contents
1 Production History
2 Combat History

Production History

Entered service with the Soviet Army in the early 1970s and was first seen in public at a Polish Army parade in 1974. Designated the M1974 the the US Army. Manufactuered in Bulgarian, Polish and Russian state factories.

Variants

Operators

Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cuba, Czech Repulic, Ethiopia, Finland known as 122 Psh 74, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Libya, Poland, Romania, Russia,Slovakia,Syria, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Yemen, Yugoslavia

Combat History

Chechnya 1999-2000
Iraq

See also:
List of artillery and List of AFVs