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1922 in the United Kingdom
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1922 in the United Kingdom

See also: 1921 in the United Kingdom, other events of 1922, 1923 in the United Kingdom and the Timeline of British history.


The social and political problems which attained the most prominence in the United Kingdom in 1922 showed a further departure from those which had chiefly occupied public attention during the war, and the country had by now almost returned to its normal condition. Prices continued to fall during the early part of the year, but very slowly as compared with the previous decline, and in the latter half of the year the fall ceased almost entirely, prices becoming comparatively stabilized at about 80% above the level of July 1914. Labour problems, which had occupied so much attention during and after the war, were less constantly in the public eye. The principle of inevitable reductions in wages had been accepted by the working classes as a whole, and there were few strikes on a large scale, the worst being that in the engineering trade. Unemployment continued to be very great, but it was recognized that little more could be done by government measures for its alleviation, and the subject was much less prominent in the political world than it had been in the previous year. A further indication of the return to normal conditions was in the gradual decay of the coalition government; the combination of parties which had been brought about in the presence of a common danger was no longer found to work satisfactorily when the normal problems of peace were at issue. Very early in the year signs of disintegration became manifest in the coalition. On several occasions the two wings threatened to fall apart, but the government was successfully held together by the personality of Prime Minister David Lloyd George until the last quarter of the year, when the internal dissensions which had made themselves felt for so many months past reached a bursting-point, and the coalition was finally rent asunder in a day.

Irish affairs occupied an important place in politics throughout the year. 1922 saw the establishment of the Irish Free State in the south of the island.

See month-by-month articles for details:

JanuaryUnionists and General Election.—Speeches on the Situation by Chamberlain.—Asquith, Churchill.—Lloyd George and Lord Grey.—Further Speeches by Asquith and Churchill.—Ireland: Debate in the Dáil Éireann on the Treaty.—De Valera's Resignation.—Griffith elected President of the Dáil.—Provisional Government appointed.—Transfer of Dublin Castle.—Agreement between Michael Collins and Sir James Craig.
FebruaryOutrages in Ireland.—Election in Ireland postponed for three months.—Coalition defended by the Lord Chancellor and Austen Chamberlain.—Report of the Geddes Committee.—Reply of the Admiralty.—Opening of Parliament: King's Speech.—Debate on Address: Lloyd George's Speech.—Government and Ulster.—Debate on the Unemployment Problem.—Debate on Expenditure.—Debate on India.—Debate on Civil Service Pensions.—Austen Chamberlain and the Lord Chancellor on the Coalition.—The Irish Free State Bill in the Commons: Churchill's Speech.—The Debate.—Further Report of Geddes Committee.—Government's Egyptian Policy.
MarchChancellor of Exchequer's Speech.—Outrages in Ireland.—Irish Free State Bill passed.—Future of the Coalition.—Resignation of Edwin Montagu.—Montagu at Cambridge.—Lord Curzon's Reply.—Crisis in the Coalition.—Army Estimates Debate.—Navy Estimates.—Air Service Recommendations.—Air Estimates.—Unemployed Insurance Bill.—Engineering and Shipbuilding Trades Crisis.—Conferences between Masters and Men.—Lockout Notices.
AprilAttitude of the Unions.—The Republican Party in Ireland.—Fresh Outbreak of Disturbances.—Commons Debate on Genoa Conference.—Conservative Challenge to Coalition Government.—Old Age Pensions Amendment.—Speeches by Winston Churchill on Foreign Politics and Lord Inchcape on Taxation.—Second Reading of Empire Settlement Bill.—Savings in Education.
MayThe Budget Introduced.—Debate.—Sir Eric Geddes on the Budget.—Post Office Vote.—Prevention of Unemployment Bill.—Chamberlain on Government Economics.—On Turkish Outrages.—Government Defeat on School Teachers' Bill.—Further Bills discussed.—Lloyd George's Statement on Genoa Conference.—Ireland in May.—Sinn Féin Coalition.—Churchill and the Irish Leaders.—Shipyard Dispute Settled.—Sir William Mackenzie's Report on Engineering Dispute.
JuneProgress and Close of Engineering Dispute.—Cabinet and Draft Irish Constitution.—Conflict between British Troops and Irish Republicans.—Revised Draft of Constitution.—General Election in Ireland.—Irish Government's Statement.—Debate in the Commons: Speeches by Churchill, Bonar Law, and Lloyd George.—Fighting in Dublin.—Murder of Sir Henry Wilson.—Discussions in Parliament on the Cabinet Secretariat— India—Telephones—Aerial Defense.—Palestine Mandate Discussed in the Lords.—In the Commons.—Debate in Lords on Genoa Conference.—Discussions on the Award of Honours.
JulyFighting in Dublin.—Discussion in House of Lords.—Destruction of the Four Courts.—Measures of the Provisional Government.—Fighting at Limerick.—Discussion of Economy Bill.—Of Teachers' Superannuation Bill.—On Allied Indebtedness.—On Award of Honours.—Charges against Lord Waring and Lord Forres.—Their Defense.—House of Lords Reform.—The Embargo on Canadian Cattle.—Navy Estimates.—War Service Canteens Bill.—Lords' Debate on the Air Service.—Post Office and Broadcasting.—Lord Grey on Government's Policy.—Debate on Importation of Fabric Gloves.
August
September
October
November
December

David Lloyd George's Coalition Ministry (resigned October 19)

Cabinet Ministers
Prime Minister and First Lord of the TreasuryDavid Lloyd George
Lord ChancellorLord Birkenhead
Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of CommonsAusten Chamberlain
Lord President of the CouncilEarl of Balfour (created Earl April 13)
Chancellor of the ExchequerSir Robert Horne
Secretaries of State:
HomeEdward Shortt
ForeignMarquess Curzon
ColoniesWinston Churchill
WarSir Laming Worthington-Evans
IndiaEdwin Montagu (to March 19);
Viscount Peel (from March 20)
ScotlandRobert Munro
Presidents:
Board of TradeStanley Baldwin
Board of EducationH.A.L. Fisher
First Lord of the AdmiraltyLord Lee of Fareham
Minister of HealthSir Alfred Mond
Minister of Agriculture and FisheriesSir Arthur Griffith-Boscawen
Minister of LabourDr. T.J. Macnamara
Secretary for IrelandSir Hamar Greenwood
Attorney-GeneralSir Gordon Hewart (to March 6);
Sir Ernest Pollock (from March 6)
First Commissioner of Works and Minister of TransportEarl of Crawford (member of cabinet from April 8)
 
Ministers not in the Cabinet
Secretary for AirCapt. Frederick Edward Guest
Minister of PensionsIan Macpherson
Postmaster-GeneralFrederick Kellaway
Chancellor of the Duchy of LancasterViscount Peel (to March 19);
Sir William Sutherland (from April 8)
Solicitor-GeneralSir Ernest Pollock (to March 5);
Leslie Scott (from March 6)
Paymaster-GeneralSir Tudor Walters
Financial Secretary of the TreasuryLt.Commander Edward Hilton Young
Joint Parliamentary (Patronage) SecretariesCharles A. McCurdy
Lt.Col. Leslie Wilson
Director of Overseas Trade DepartmentSir Philip Lloyd-Greame
Under-Secretaries of State:
AirLord Gorell
ColoniesE.F.L. Wood
ForeignCecil Harmsworth
HomeSir John Baird
IndiaEarl of Lytton (to March 20);
Earl Winterton (from March 21)
WarSir Robert Sanders
Parliamentary Secretaries:
AdmiraltyLt.Col. Leopold Stennett Amery
Agriculture and FisheriesEarl of Ancaster
EducationJ.H. Lewis
HealthEarl of Onslow
LabourSir Montague Barlow
PensionsMaj. G.C. Tyron
Board of TradeSir William Mitchell-Thomson
WarG.F. Stanley
 
Scotland
SecretaryRobert Munro (in the cabinet)
Lord-AdvocateT.B. Morison
Solicitor-GeneralC.D. Murray (to March 16);
A.H.B. Constable (from March 17 to June 28);
William Watson (from July 10)
 
Ireland
Lord LieutenantViscount Fitzalan
Lord ChancellorSir John Ross
Chief Secretary to Lord LieutenantSir Hamar Greenwood (in the cabinet)

Bonar Law's Conservative Ministry (took office October 24)

Cabinet Ministers
Prime Minister and First Lord of the TreasuryBonar Law
Lord President of the CouncilMarquess of Salisbury
Lord ChancellorViscount Cave
Chancellor of the ExchequerStanley Baldwin
Secretaries of State:
HomeW.C. Bridgeman
ForeignMarquess Curzon
ColoniesDuke of Devonshire
WarEarl of Derby
IndiaViscount Peel
ScotlandViscount Novar
Presidents:
Board of TradeSir Philip Lloyd-Greame
Board of EducationE.F.L. Wood
First Lord of the AdmiraltyLt.Col. Leopold Stennett Amery
Minister of HealthSir Arthur Griffith-Boscawen
Minister of Agriculture and FisheriesSir Robert Sanders
Minister of LabourSir Montague Barlow
 
Ministers not in the Cabinet
Attorney-GeneralSir Douglas Hogg
Secretary for AirSir Samuel Hoare
Minister of PensionsG.C. Tyron
Postmaster-GeneralNeville Chamberlain
First Commissioner of WorksSir John Baird
Solicitor-GeneralSir T.W.H. Inskip
Civil Lord of the AdmiraltyMarquess of Linlithgow
Financial Secretary to the TreasuryJ.W. Hills
Secretary for MinesG.R. Lane-Fox
Under-Secretaries of State:
AirDuke of Sutherland
ColoniesWilliam Ormsby-Gore
ForeignRonald McNeill
HomeG.F. Stanley
IndiaEarl Winterton
WarWalter Guinness
Parliamentary Secretaries:
AdmiraltyB.M. Eyres-Monsell
Agriculture and FisheriesEarl of Ancaster
HealthEarl of Onslow
LabourA. Boyd Carpenter
Transport and WorksWilfrid Ashley
TreasuryLt.Col. Leslie Wilson
Board of TradeLord Wolmer
WarF.S. Jackson
Overseas TradeSir William Joynson-Hicks
 
Scotland
SecretaryViscount Novar (in the cabinet)
Lord-AdvocateWilliam Watson
Solicitor-GeneralD.P. Fleming